- If the female partner has blocked tubes. In case of blocked tubes the egg cannot meet the sperm and fertilization is not possible.
- Bilateral salpingectomy: If both fallopian tubes are removed due to some reason like ectopic pregnancy
- If the female has undergone tubectomy or tubal ligation and for some reason wants to conceive or surgery for tubal reversal has failed.
- In the case of severe endometriosis.
- Age-related decline in fertility: As a woman’s age increases the quality and quantity of eggs decrease.
- If the number and motility of sperms is low. In IVF the best sperms are selected and used for fertilization.
- Unexplained infertility: All the test reports appear to be normal but pregnancy does not occur. In most such cases there is a problem in fertilization which can be diagnosed and treated only by IVF or an advanced form of IVF called ICSI
- When all other treatments for fertility fail IVF is the only option.