What is cervical cancer?
It is the cancer that begins in the cervix -the mouth of the uterus that is the part of the uterus or womb that opens into the vagina.
Most cervical cancers begin in the cells that are lining the cervix. These cells do not suddenly change into cancer. In reality the normal cells of the cervix first gradually develop precancerous changes which turn into cancer.
How do these changes get detected?
These changes get detected by Colposcopy and Colposcopy guided Pap smear.
If these changes are detected they can be treated to prevent cancer from developing
The treatment can be simple as compared to surgery or removal of uterus at a advanced stage of cancer.
Major surgery like removal of uterus etc can be avoided if detected and treated early.