Colorectal cancer refers to cancer in the large intestine and is also known as bowel cancer, depending on where the cancer cells are present. Colorectal cancer typically affects the colon and the rectum. It stands to be the third-most common cancer, worldwide, and in India, colon cancer ranks 8th and rectal cancer ranks as 9th most common cancer.

What you need to know a about colorectal cancer?


Change in bowel habits
Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
Diarrhea and/ or constipation
Persistent abdominal discomfort
Nausea or vomiting


Personal and / or family history of polyps or cancer
Over the age of 45
Genetic conditions

What you can do?

Know the signs and symptoms
Listen to your body and speak up if something is not right
Know your family health history
Get screened at age 50 (earlier if you’re at a high risk)

90% of new cases occur in people

50 years or older

Colorectal Cancer is on the rise in those under 50

Importance Of Early Screening

The most effective way to reduce your risk of colorectal cancer is to get screened routinely, beginning at age 45. Colorectal cancer begins as precancerous polyps (abnormal growths) in the colon or rectum. Screening helps find the cancer tumor in its early stage and, this way, the condition can be better managed. If there is family history of cancer in 1 first degree relative or > 2 second degree relative, the screening can begin 10 years prior to the age of diagnosis of the first case of colon cancer in the family.

Types Of Diagnosis And Treatment Options

Fecal Occult blood Test (FOBT) and Colonoscopy are two methods of screening. When diagnosed in the early stage, the treating physician may be able to re- move the tumor completely during a colonoscopy or surgical removal of the tumor is done.